E-mail: michael@shboqu.com   |   Expert in Water Quality Measurement and Water Treatment Project

Different Methods of Chlorine Analysis

by:BOQU     2023-04-02
The measurement of residual chlorine electrodes can be carried out by photoelectric colorimetry or electrochemical sensing. After understanding the measurement principles of different brands of residual chlorine electrodes, you can apply them according to their characteristics. The following is the personal experience of using general residual chlorine electrodes as follows: a. Film-covered electrode: Principle: The electrode is immersed in the electrolyte cavity, and the electrolyte cavity is in contact with water through a porous hydrophilic membrane. The hypochlorous acid diffuses into the electrolyte cavity through the porous hydrophilic membrane, and forms a current on the electrode surface. The magnitude of the current depends on the speed at which the hypochlorous acid diffuses into the electrolyte cavity, and the diffusion rate is proportional to the concentration of residual chlorine in the solution. The magnitude of the current can determine the concentration of residual chlorine in the solution. Features: No reagent required. There will be drift when used in the place containing interface active agent, and the membrane pores will be blocked by lipids, and the diaphragm and electrolyte need to be cleaned and replaced regularly. DPD indicator must be used for calibration. The measurement environment is synchronized with the pH of the water, and the combination of chlorine interferes with the bactericidal ability of the water, and the actual bactericidal strength of the water may be low. b. Optical colorimetry: Principle: The DPD indicator is pumped in by a peristaltic pump to react with water to develop color, and the absorptiometer judges the residual chlorine content according to the color intensity. Features: The measured value is different from the pH value of the water, and the humidity will affect the interpretation value. DPD indicator must be used for calibration. The measurement environment is not synchronized with the pH of the water. The bactericidal ability of the water is affected by the pH and combined chlorine, and the actual bactericidal strength of the water may be low. c. Membraneless electrode: principle: residual chlorine is a strong oxidant, and its oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) is exponentially related to the residual chlorine content in the solution, and the oxidation-reduction potential is converted to the residual chlorine content through a program. Features: Convert the residual chlorine value by oxidation-reduction potential (ORP). The zero point and slope must be calibrated with the DPD indicator. The measurement environment is synchronized with the pH and combined chlorine of the water. The measured value shows the converted residual chlorine value of the actual bactericidal strength of the water. The actual residual chlorine concentration of the water may be too high.
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