E-mail: michael@shboqu.com   |   Expert in Water Quality Measurement and Water Treatment Project

Four elements of rural sewage treatment

by:BOQU     2023-03-20
First, check the basic numbers. Rural sewage treatment has been implemented for many years, and good results have been achieved, especially in some areas of developed coastal provinces, where the rate of rural sewage treatment exceeds 50%. However, the characteristics of rural sewage sources are also very large and scattered, and the collection and treatment are greatly restricted by objective conditions. At present, the coverage, technical level, and treatment effects of rural sewage treatment vary greatly, and the problem of unknown base is more obvious. The department of ecology and environment has been undertaking the monitoring of the water environment quality of rural sewage receiving water bodies such as small watersheds, reservoirs, and lakes for many years. Condition. Based on this, we should form a route to find out, guide the investigation of rural non-point source pollution, and thoroughly find out the basics of rural domestic sewage treatment in the region. Second, we must set a good technical standard. Whether rural sewage treatment is easy to accept and assess is related to the size of the results, and the key is to adapt measures to local conditions, scientific and feasible treatment technologies and discharge standards. It is necessary to adhere to the principle of 'professional people do professional work', give full play to the role of the main force in supporting the pollution prevention and control technology of the ecological environment department, and formulate a scientific and feasible rural sewage treatment plan based on the comprehensive absorption of the country's advanced rural sewage treatment technology, typical models, and actual effects. Water pollutant discharge standards for sewage treatment facilities, and technical guidelines for rural sewage treatment with local characteristics. Third, we must do a good job in pilot demonstrations. Rural sewage treatment concepts, models and technologies emerge in endlessly, but there is a lack of universal and mature processes, especially the promotion model and decentralized treatment technologies, which need to be scientifically selected according to local conditions. Adhere to pilot projects first, select typical models, typical technologies, and typical villages according to regional water quality, climatic conditions, topography, and economic level, and carry out pilot projects for rural sewage treatment through innovation and innovation, and strive to find out the organization suitable for the region through pilot projects Mechanism, operation mode, governance technology, etc., laying the foundation for comprehensive promotion. Fourth, we must establish a good mechanism system. Rural sewage treatment is divided into three parts for construction and seven parts for management. Grass-roots ecological and environmental departments should effectively play a leading role, especially in places where the ecological and environmental departments take the lead in being responsible for rural sewage treatment. The 'six-in-one' rural sewage treatment and management mechanism system in which departments at the county level are the main body of coordination, county-level governments are the main body of responsibility, township governments are the main body of implementation, village organizations are the main body of management, the masses are the main body of beneficiaries, and third-party agencies are the main body of service. .
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